Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population, cultural, and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange.Most Native American groups had historically preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, which has resulted in the first written sources on the conflict being authored by Europeans.The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe.Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different.The festival began in 1989 as part of the fiftieth anniversary celebration of the opening of the park's Jones Archaeological Museum, which is a unit of the University of Alabama Museums system.
It is held in early October at Moundville Archaeological Park, which straddles Hale and Tuscaloosa Counties.
The first festival had only a modest budget of a few thousand dollars provided by the museum system, but in recent years university funds have been supplemented by sponsors who have donated money, supplies, and services.
The festival is governed through Moundville Archaeological Park.
Mountains separated these towns into three distinct regions: the Lower Towns, the Middle and Valley Towns, and the Upper or Overhill Towns.
Their traditional hunting territory encompassed parts of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia.
In the United States of America, Native Americans (also known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans or simply Indians; see §Terminology differences) are people who belong to one of the over 500 distinct Native American tribes that survive intact today as partially sovereign nations within the country's modern boundaries.
These tribes and bands are descended from the pre-Columbian indigenous population of the North American landbase.
Festival sponsors aim to increase understanding of the cultures and heritage of southeastern Native Americans through presentations, activities, and interpretive programming.
In addition, they hope to dispel stereotypes about Indian life and history that have developed as a result of cinematic and other over-stylized portrayals that arose during the second half of the twentieth century.
Although Alabama continues to reside in the lower segment nationally in many significant social and economic rankings, there has been improvement in some areas, particularly in ethnic relations, including the integration of schools and the election of African Americans to political offices.
Nevertheless, Alabamians and outsiders alike tend to agree that the state retains a distinctive way of life, rooted in the traditions of the Old South. Population (2010) 4,779,736; (2016 est.) 4,863,300. The character of the state changes markedly as the rugged, forest-clad hills and ridges of the Appalachian extremities give way to the lower country of the coastal plain.